Commonly Asked Questions About Internal Medicine

Find answers to common questions about internal medicine, our services, and how we can help you achieve optimal health.

General Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is a branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine, known as internists, are skilled in managing a wide range of conditions affecting the internal organs, and they provide comprehensive care for both common and complex illnesses. Internists are often primary care providers who emphasize the whole patient, managing chronic conditions, and coordinating with specialists when necessary.

Internal medicine doctors, or internists, treat a variety of conditions including, but not limited to, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, asthma, infections, and autoimmune diseases. They are also skilled in diagnosing and managing chronic conditions, preventive care, and complex medical cases that involve multiple health issues. Internists provide care for both acute illnesses and long-term disease management, ensuring patients receive holistic and continuous care.

Seeing an internal medicine doctor is essential for adult patients who require comprehensive care for a variety of health issues. Internists are adept at diagnosing and managing chronic illnesses, providing preventive care, and coordinating with specialists for complex conditions. They offer personalized care, focusing on the whole patient, and are equipped to handle multiple health concerns simultaneously, making them ideal primary care providers for adult patients.


During your first visit to an internal medicine doctor, you can expect a thorough evaluation of your medical history, a physical examination, and a discussion of any current health concerns. The internist will review your medications, assess any chronic conditions, and may order diagnostic tests such as blood work or imaging. This initial visit is crucial for establishing a baseline of your health, creating a personalized care plan, and setting health goals to address both immediate and long-term medical needs.

Chronic Disease Management

Internal medicine plays a crucial role in managing chronic diseases through comprehensive care strategies. Internists provide ongoing monitoring, personalized treatment plans, and coordination of care tailored to each patient’s specific needs. They focus on controlling symptoms, preventing complications, and improving quality of life. By utilizing diagnostic tests, regular check-ups, and evidence-based treatments, internists help patients effectively manage their chronic conditions and maintain optimal health.

Internists commonly treat a wide range of chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), arthritis, and kidney disease. They are also skilled in managing other long-term health issues like thyroid disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, and autoimmune diseases. Internists provide expert care for these conditions through regular monitoring, medication management, lifestyle advice, and coordination with specialists when needed.

Managing chronic diseases often requires significant lifestyle changes. Key changes include adopting a balanced diet rich in nutrients, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption. Stress management techniques, such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises, along with adequate sleep, are also important. Internists provide guidance and support to help patients implement these lifestyle modifications to improve their health and manage their chronic conditions effectively.

Medication plays a vital role in managing chronic conditions by controlling symptoms, slowing disease progression, and preventing complications. Internists prescribe medications based on the specific needs of each patient, monitor their effectiveness, and adjust dosages as necessary. They also educate patients on the importance of adherence to prescribed treatments and manage any side effects. Through careful medication management, internists help ensure that patients achieve the best possible outcomes in managing their chronic diseases.

The frequency of visits to an internist for chronic disease management depends on the specific condition and its severity. Generally, patients with chronic conditions should see their internist every 3 to 6 months for regular monitoring and management. However, more frequent visits may be necessary if the condition is not well-controlled or if there are changes in symptoms or treatment plans. Regular check-ups enable the internist to adjust treatments, monitor progress, and provide ongoing support to optimize health outcomes.

Preventive Care

Internal medicine doctors offer a wide range of preventive services to help maintain and improve health. These services include routine physical exams, immunizations, cancer screenings, blood pressure monitoring, cholesterol checks, diabetes screenings, and lifestyle counseling. Internists also provide education on healthy living, conduct risk assessments for chronic diseases, and offer early intervention strategies to prevent the onset or progression of illnesses. By focusing on prevention, they aim to detect potential health issues early and promote overall well-being.

The frequency of check-ups depends on your age, health status, and risk factors. Generally, adults should have a check-up at least once a year. For those with chronic conditions or higher risk factors, more frequent visits may be necessary. Regular check-ups allow your internist to monitor your health, update preventive care measures, and catch any potential health issues early. Your doctor can provide personalized recommendations on how often you should schedule check-ups based on your specific health needs.

Recommended screenings for adults include blood pressure checks, cholesterol level tests, diabetes screenings, cancer screenings (such as mammograms, Pap smears, colonoscopies, and prostate exams), bone density tests, and vision and hearing tests. Internists may also recommend screenings for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), hepatitis, and other conditions based on individual risk factors. These screenings help detect health issues early when they are most treatable, ensuring timely and effective interventions.

Preventive care plays a crucial role in avoiding serious health issues by identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early. Through regular check-ups, screenings, vaccinations, and lifestyle counseling, internists can help prevent the onset of diseases or catch them at an early stage when treatment is more effective. Preventive care also involves educating patients on healthy lifestyle choices, which can reduce the risk of chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. By focusing on prevention, patients can maintain better overall health and avoid complications from untreated conditions.

Adults should consider a variety of vaccines to protect against preventable diseases. Key vaccines include the annual flu shot, tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap) booster, shingles vaccine (recommended for adults over 50), pneumococcal vaccines (especially for those over 65 or with certain health conditions), and the COVID-19 vaccine. Depending on individual risk factors, other vaccines such as hepatitis A and B, human papillomavirus (HPV), and meningococcal vaccines may also be recommended. Internists can provide guidance on which vaccines are appropriate based on age, health status, and lifestyle.

Specialized Services

Yes, internal medicine doctors provide comprehensive diabetes management. Internists diagnose diabetes, help patients understand the condition, and develop individualized treatment plans that include medication management, lifestyle modifications, and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels. They also educate patients on diet, exercise, and other factors that influence blood sugar control. By closely monitoring the condition and adjusting treatment as needed, internists help patients maintain optimal health and prevent complications associated with diabetes.

Internists are highly skilled in managing hypertension (high blood pressure). They diagnose and monitor blood pressure levels, prescribe appropriate medications, and recommend lifestyle changes such as diet modification, regular physical activity, and stress management techniques. Internists also assess and manage any related conditions or risk factors, such as high cholesterol or diabetes, to ensure a comprehensive approach to hypertension management. Regular follow-ups with an internist help maintain controlled blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications.

Internal medicine doctors approach heart disease with a focus on prevention, early detection, and comprehensive management. They perform risk assessments, conduct diagnostic tests (such as EKGs and stress tests), and provide treatment for conditions like coronary artery disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias. Internists develop personalized care plans that include medications, lifestyle modifications, and regular monitoring to manage symptoms and improve heart health. They also coordinate with cardiologists and other specialists when advanced care is needed, ensuring a holistic approach to heart disease management.

Internists play a critical role in managing high cholesterol by diagnosing the condition, identifying underlying causes, and developing individualized treatment plans. They prescribe cholesterol-lowering medications, recommend dietary changes, and suggest physical activity routines to help lower cholesterol levels. Internists also monitor patients’ progress through regular blood tests and adjust treatments as needed. By managing high cholesterol effectively, internists help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes.

Internal medicine doctors assist with weight management by providing personalized plans that combine diet, exercise, and behavioral strategies. They assess each patient’s health status, determine weight-related health risks, and set realistic weight loss goals. Internists offer guidance on nutritious eating, recommend physical activities, and may prescribe medications or refer patients to specialists when necessary. By addressing underlying health conditions and promoting sustainable lifestyle changes, internists help patients achieve and maintain a healthy weight, improving overall health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Patient Care and Appointments

Scheduling an appointment with Halifax Internal Medicine is easy and convenient. You can book an appointment by calling our office directly or by using our online scheduling system available on our website. Our friendly staff will assist you in finding a suitable date and time based on your availability and medical needs. For new patients, please have your personal information and insurance details ready. We strive to accommodate urgent care needs as promptly as possible.

When coming to your appointment at Halifax Internal Medicine, please bring a valid photo ID, your insurance card, and a list of current medications, including dosages. If you have any relevant medical records, such as previous test results, imaging studies, or referral letters, please bring those as well. It’s also helpful to prepare a list of questions or concerns you want to discuss with your doctor to ensure all your health needs are addressed during the visit.

Yes, Halifax Internal Medicine accepts walk-in patients for urgent and acute care needs. While we recommend scheduling an appointment to ensure the most efficient care, we understand that some health issues require immediate attention. Walk-in patients will be seen based on the order of arrival and the urgency of their medical condition. Please be aware that wait times may vary depending on patient volume.


Halifax Internal Medicine accepts a wide range of insurance plans to accommodate our patients’ diverse needs. We work with major insurance providers including Medicare, Medicaid, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Aetna, Cigna, UnitedHealthcare, and more. For a comprehensive list of accepted insurance plans, please contact our office directly. If you have any questions about coverage or billing, our knowledgeable staff is available to assist you.

Halifax Internal Medicine offers convenient office hours to accommodate your schedule. We are open Monday through Friday from 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM. Our office is closed on weekends and major holidays.